Thursday, 31 December 2009

三晉遊記之八--平遙城(完)

就是因為近年颳起了一陣「晉商」熱,所以平遙古城、喬家大院等與晉商有關的景點都熱鬧起來。不過香港人對山西這種沒有明山秀水、沒有喪食喪買熱點的地區,始終提不起興趣,所以來到平遙古城,街上盡是外國遊客和其他省市的內地人。走在街上,英語招牌矚目皆是,特別是附設餐廳的客棧和旅館,頗有點雲南麗江的風味。

不過,平遙古城看來實在太商業化了,幾條主要街道兩旁全是餐廳、旅館和商店,而且出售的紀念品和地道小吃都是千篇一律的工廠製品,實在令人失望。反而乘坐電瓶車在橫街窄巷裡穿梭,看到熱鬧繁華背後的尋常人家,更覺趣味盎然。我留意到房子面向街道交界處的地方,總會有一塊寫著「泰山石敢當」的石碑或長形方磚,鑲嵌在牆壁之上。我向小慧和電瓶車司機請教,他們說那是有點辟邪作用,也提醒行人在路口時提防車輛或其他行人。我頓然想起在新界某些交通意外的黑點,都豎立了「南無阿彌陀佛」的石碑來警惕司機。我只是不明白,為甚麼山西類似的石碑都寫上「泰山石敢當」?可惜小慧和那位老師傅都答不上來。

目前平遙古城仍保存多家見證晉商歷史和文化的店鋪,現在都改作了博物館。其中最有趣的當是中國第一家票號日昇昌故址改建而成的「中國票號博物館」。

晉商所以富可敵國、名揚天下,主要還是因為票號業務發達,獲譽為中國銀行業的祖師。聽平遙古城導賞員的介紹,山西票號制度嚴謹,甚至與現代西方商業管理概念頗有異曲同工之妙,難怪能執清末全國金融的牛耳。例如財東(投資者)與掌櫃(管理人員)的角色涇渭分明,財東只負責出資,不能干涉票號的日常運作,但掌櫃則受聘於財東,須向財東匯報業務狀況,有點像現代企業的董事局和管理層。票號又有嚴格的保密制度,為免洩露交易金額和提防盜匪,票據上的銀碼、領款日期等重要資料都以稱為「密押」的暗語來表示,若非票號中人,根本無法理解。密押每隔數月就會更改,可見票號的保密防偽意識非常強。所謂「防人之心不可無」,大概那是以前行走江湖理所當然的態度,倒是現代人缺乏歷練,有時候還比不上古人聰明警覺。

票號的「密押」固然有趣,我倒是覺得他們高薪養廉的人事制度更值得一記。據說清代縣令的年薪為四十五兩銀子,但票號長工的年薪可高達一百二十兩,而且有機會入股、分紅,所以吸引了很多讀書人投身票號,做父母的也希望求學有成的兒子到票號工作,反而覺得做官薪水低、風險高、又沒前途。這些觀念完全顛覆了現代人對於傳統中國「學而優則仕」的想像,卻更貼近香港人的普遍心理。對於很多香港人來說,掙錢才是硬道理,所謂「良禽擇木而棲」,那些好樹佳木往往都是以金山銀山堆砌而成的。

平遙古城另一處比較有趣的博物館,就是鏢局博物館了。雖然面積不大,走進去就看到照壁上寫著斗大的「鏢」字,照壁前的兵器架上放滿了刀槍劍戟,還有兩輛以前運送財物的鏢車。鏢局四周設有地下金庫,深達數米,用作存放客戶托運的財物。金庫都有專人日夜看守,外人根本無法分辨哪裡才是金庫的真實地點。參觀時,心裡不禁嘀咕:「監守自盜又如何防範?」大概以前練武之人投身鏢局,一定經過人事擔保和嚴格的選拔,忠義方面是信得過的,我這樣想,大概是小人之心,或者偵探小說看得太多了。

坦白說,參觀平遙古城之後,感受不深,大概是我對經商毫無興趣的緣故罷?我倒是很好奇,為甚麼有那麼多外國遊客慕名而來,甚至要住上一年半載,把平遙古城的內外都仔細看遍?到底平遙古城有甚麼吸引他們如此著迷?晉商的興衰滄桑,難道能給飽受金融海嘯摧殘的西方人,帶來甚麼啟示?如果真能這樣,倒是功德一件。

Wednesday, 30 December 2009

梨園生輝

聖誕節假期時,除了看電影、做運動,最有意義的節目就是到香港文化博物館參觀「梨園生輝--唐滌生與任劍輝」展覽。

今年是唐先生逝世五十周年、任姐逝世二十周年,可惜紀念活動寥寥可數,聲勢也比不上十年前那麼浩大。這是因為十年來沒有發掘到新資料、新點子來紀念?抑或香港人對兩位粵劇前賢的懷念和尊崇轉趨淡薄?我不願、也不敢深究。

我只知道,如果沒有唐先生詞藻典雅、感情真摯的劇本,當年就不會對粵劇這門古老的藝術感興趣。

一晃眼,那是二十年前的事了。

很久沒有看過那麼用心設計和布置的展覽,尤其是官方博物館舉辦的展覽。在博物館外和展館前看到巨型的宣傳條幅,已是難掩興奮之情。走進展館後,首先是有關唐先生的部分,共有內外兩端。外端左側牆上懸著一把展開著的巨型摺扇,每一節扇面都寫上了唐先生的名作。內外展館之間有一道圓拱門,左右兩邊還有類似古代木製窗櫺的雕飾,加上牆上的展板說明文字大都以楷體直書,端的是古意盎然。展館以高貴幽冷的灰黑色為主調,配合黃、白等暖色的燈光效果,主次分明,把展館的氣氛襯托得莊嚴古雅而不失親切感。最令人激賞的是背景牆採用了他為電影《富士山之戀》親筆繪畫的十一幀彩色人物造型而製成,看上去就像一幅巨型屏風,每一張真蹟就放在觀眾眼睛水平的位置,以便欣賞。

至於展品,雖然數量不算多,但大都是以前沒有公開展出過的珍品,包括多幀唐先生參演電影的劇照、繪畫手稿等,實在非常難得。展館中央擺放了兩行長約三四米的玻璃櫥,展示多幅唐先生的楷書和草書遺墨,當中包括臨摹米芾跋褚遂良摹本和陸繼善《三希堂法帖》雙鉤摹本的《蘭亭集序》。遺墨保存得很好,墨色如新,紙箋也沒有變黃,更是彌足珍貴。

這是平生第一次看到唐先生的書法真蹟,心裡說不出的興奮,好像和唐先生的距離又拉近了一點。盯著唐先生的遺墨不願離去,大概我真的樂極忘形,有點抓耳搔腮的癡相,居然讓朋友取笑了好一會兒。

素知唐先生文學修養極高,下筆千鈞;又曾在美術學校攻讀,所以擅長繪畫,審美眼光也勝人一籌。沒想到他對書法也極有研究,百忙之中仍抽空練字,甚至作為減壓怡情的良方。看他在《蘭亭集序》摹本後自敘《紫釵記》公演十四日以來,場場滿座,可是「心神欠佳,惴惴然不知所因」,臨摹時「亦有手不從心之感」,不禁心下惻然。唐先生佳作如林,享譽日隆,壓力固然可能是出於他對創作的熱忱、鞭策自己不斷精進的執著,也可能是出於劇團經營上何以為繼的現實考慮。可以想像他當年身心所承受的壓力,實在不足為外人道。

也許,這就是天賦奇才的代價。英年早逝,只是成就傳奇的最後一筆。他這個不朽的傳奇,大概從他開始抄曲、編劇的時候,已經拉開帷幕了。

雖然我沒機會見到唐先生,但數十年後仍能讀到他字字珠璣的作品,在舞臺上領略他洞察人情的智慧,還是覺得很幸運的。

只是,五十年過去了,在圖像取代文字、感官刺激勝於抽象美感的年代,那一抹亮麗精緻的傳奇,還能流傳多久?

給Anita的信

Dearest Anita,

你好嗎?一晃眼,又是一年了。這一年,你都做過些甚麼呢?

這一年,同樣過得很快。人家說,過了三十歲,日子就會過得很快;到了三十五歲,更是一年比一年快。現在總算有點明白箇中的原因了。

大概因為過了三十歲,工作和生活的擔子愈來愈重,俗事太多,時間太少。勉強應付過去,已經沒剩下多少空閒,連睡個好覺也是一種奢侈。想鬆弛下來好好休息,就先要放鬆心情,可是無處不在的通訊科技,把這一丁點兒僅存的私人空間也給剝奪了。

坦白說,我對這種無日無之的奴役生活,感到無比的厭倦。本來我沒有資格埋怨,但事情已經到了無法容忍的地步。說我不識時務也好、脾氣倔強也好,最受不了就是被奴役的感覺,因為我始終深信,人生在世,尊重別人生而為人的身分和尊嚴,是一種基本的待人接物之道,而不是皇恩浩蕩的犒賞。如果你是我,相信你也會這樣想。

也許有人會說,香港生活迫人,哪個不是為了餬口而忍氣吞聲的呢?是的,但容忍也應該有個限度,不合情理的不會因為我們忍氣吞聲顧全大局而變成合理,也不應該因為忍讓而令對方得寸進尺,對嗎?

因為人事上有了比較,讓我覺得以前大夥兒同心協力共度難關的合作精神已經消失了。過去的時光裡,即使工作辛苦,因為同事之間互相信任和尊重,大夥兒一邊做一邊說笑、互相開解,總能樂觀面對。如今卻是連做人處世最基本的尊重也沒有,即便是完成了一件工作,那些皮笑肉不笑的虛偽嘴臉只令人噁心。因為那些虛情假意的慰問和讚賞,只有在交出成績之後才有資格領取的賞賜,也是獲派更多工作、承擔更多責任的前奏。

其實,我很佩服你對工作的熱誠和執著,我想我這輩子也別妄想能學得來。我真的很想知道,捫心自問,你真的喜歡唱歌嗎?是生活迫人的無可奈何,還是漸漸培養了興趣,最後修成正果?

這一年下來,人來人往,已經記不起有多少人走馬上任,又有多少人黯然引退。文化改變了,氣氛冷淡了,就連呼吸的空氣也好像變了味道。大概你也知道,我早在去年夏天就已經坐不住了,但最後還是決定忍耐,多花時間觀察和適應。事隔一年,經歷了那些昏天黑地、精神分裂、身心俱疲、茫然不知所以的日子,我知道,我和這裡緣分已盡,應該作個了斷了。

我不能再容忍自己失去了生活的節奏,也不能容忍一顆心給掏空了似的,做甚麼也提不起勁,連想念你的時間和心情也沒有。

當日決定要朝著第二個夢想邁進,心裡也不是沒有掙扎過,但維時很短,大概真的是橫了心,只盼早脫苦海,不再糾纏下去。反正為人家拚了命,結果拖垮了身體、摧殘了心智,也不見得會有人同情,更遑論拔刀相助。想到這裡,就覺得自己的決定是對的。

當我向朋友提起這件事,他們竟是一面倒的支持,就連老媽也不置可否,倒是有點出乎意料。

也許,時代真的不同了。在利益掛帥、有奶就是娘的社會裡,人性不受重視,人才淪落為予取予攜的「人力資源」,有用的時候就盡情揮霍,無用的時候就棄如弊屣。大家對於選擇以自己喜歡的方式生活的朋友,比以前多了幾分體諒,少了幾分輕視,有時候更多的是羨慕。因為選擇任性,也需要勇氣和未雨綢繆的心力。

現在,我只欠那一股東風。我在耐心的期盼著。

你會祝福我嗎?

Forever yours,

P.S. 翻看今年的blog,才記起寫給你的「滄海拾遺」系列還沒有寫完,精挑細選出來的滄海遺珠,至少還有五首沒寫到,真的非常對不起。這份禮物拖了整整一年還沒完成,是我不對,希望你不要介意。老實說,我發覺腦袋愈來愈不中用,寫的時候總是力不從心、心浮氣躁,也許我真的需要好好休息。

Tuesday, 29 December 2009

除了搵食,還有甚麼?

聖誕節長假期時一口氣看了《阿凡達》和《十月圍城》,都是好電影。《阿凡達》可算是娛樂與教育並重、科技與人文結合的完美典範,是不能錯過的佳作。《十月圍城》雖有不及,成果卻是出人意料。

看《十月圍城》的時候,總教我想起幾個月前看的話劇《遍地芳菲》。兩部戲無論在取材、寓意、寄託等方面,都頗有相似之處。表面上是紀念曾經為推翻滿清而拋頭顱灑熱血的仁人志士,並向他們致敬。仔細看去,卻似乎是我輩深刻而沉痛的自省。

革命前賢生於動盪的年代,朝不保夕,卻願意犧牲自己來爭取後人的幸福。我們有幸生於太平盛世,在一般情況下,性命和財產都不受威脅;但在為口奔馳之餘,有多少人還願意多付出一點來改變這個社會,讓後人的生活條件更優裕?

中國有句老話:「衣食足,知榮辱。」得到了溫飽,人類才會考慮甚麼是對、甚麼是錯。這句話還有另一層意義,就是說溫飽雖然重要,但榮辱、是非之心也是很重要的。著名心理學家Abraham Maslow也提出,激發人類上進心的不是基本的生理需要,而是對自我完善和成就感的追求。除了溫飽以外,人類總是希望進一步保障自己的安全,然後得到家人、朋友、愛侶在感情上的慰藉,再以成就來證明自己的存在意義,最後才是不斷增值,突破自己的能力和成就。這個理論雖然有點自我中心,但成就感往往源於別人對某人行為和成果的讚揚和尊重,一般情況下仍是以對他人和社會有益的事情佔多。要是一個心狠手辣的殺人犯,即使他對自己殺人如麻的「成就」感到自豪,相信也不會得到其他人的尊重罷?

可是,也許這百多年來血的教訓實在太殘酷了,很多人都覺得沒有事情比保障自己的性命和身家更重要,甚至除了餬口之外,沒有甚麼東西能稱得上「重要」。於是我們愈來愈自私自利、錙銖必較,「各家自掃門前雪」幾乎成為家家戶戶的座右銘。無論做了甚麼,不問對錯,謀生、「搵食」是最方便又最堂皇的藉口,彷彿我們就像原始森林的動物一樣,除了填飽肚子和交配繁殖之外,就沒有別的事兒值得我們用心追求。問題是,我們不是普通動物,而是應該有理想、有抱負、有能力的人類,有意無意之間讓自己停留在只要滿足基本生理需要就萬事皆休的層次,是否對得起這副好皮囊?

《十月圍城》是群戲,沒有明顯的主角,只靠王學圻飾演的李玉堂和梁家輝飾演的陳少白貫穿起來。幾乎每個人都有一段不堪回首的過去,無形的沉重包袱壓在肩上,走路時連腰板也挺直不起來。他們走在一起做一件事,只是出於偶然,彼此談不上甚麼交情,甚至連肝膽相照的豪情壯志也欠奉。正如戲裡王學圻與黎明深夜對飲,問了一句:「值嗎?」結果兩人只能相視苦笑。不為甚麼,就是為了自己無法放下的執著。也許不少觀眾也會問,戲裡那一大群人付出那麼大的代價,無論是自願或是機緣巧合的,值得嗎?

「值得嗎?」大概是現代人下決定之前最常提出的問題,好像每件事情都有一個銀碼,可以讓人衡量是否物有所值。但是,世間的事情真的可以這麼冷靜理智地計算嗎?即使可以,計算單位是甚麼?錢財?讚賞?良好的自我感覺?

所以,我猜《十月圍城》不只是為了致敬,而是要我們叩問自己,除了「搵食」之外,還有哪些東西值得我們付出心力?前賢不問回報、不辭勞苦為我們做了那許多,我們又可以為自己的後人做些甚麼?

Monday, 28 December 2009

Dream and Reality

Some say Avatar has provided yet another rosy haven for temporary escape from the despair of reality. I see it another way though. I think it is actually pointing to a direction we should be heading for. It indicates what we should have been doing. It is a call for reflection and change of our course of action. At the very least, it sends a positive message in terms of keeping the flames of our hope aglow by reminding us the forgotten elements of our nature.

Physically the Na'vi people are much stronger and taller than their counterparts from the earth. To me this is by no means coincidental. They are physically stronger because they maintain a primitive way of living without the technological advancements comparable to ours. The urge for survival and the environment in which they struggle for survival contribute to their robust physique. Despite all the hardships in the wild, they seem content and happy, living in harmony with the nature and enjoying that particular state of life.

All these good things about the Na'vi people are by no means foreign. At certain point of time in human history our ancestors were no different from the Na'vis. For some reason they had chosen to pursue recklessly something they created for themselves and made themselves enslaved by those inventions. Just because we believe we are the chosen people and that we are in charge, we have lost respect for the nature and replaced it with greed and unscrupulousness. We think we can take whatever we want from our promised land, but we were wrong.

Perhaps this is why the invaluable resource on Pandora that human beings in Avatar have been fighting for is called "unobtainium". Phonetically, it indicates something "un-obtain[ed]". Either it does not exist, or it exists but people simply can't get it. Whatever the reason may be, it can't be obtained. What a sarcastic word it is! People from the earth have been spending billions and billions of dollars in pursuit of this material. People have been trying whatever means they could resort to in order to secure access to this material. Just because it is tagged with an astronomical price and therefore contains countless dreams of unimaginable wealth. Yet by nature it can't be obtained. Everything that people do is doomed to fail. For someone who has grown more weary than ever of the capitalistic mode of economics and social development, it is certainly consoling to see people in other parts of the world are sharing a similar view of our world, our home, our land.

I don't know how much Avatar would encourage people to re-think their mode of living and, better still, to take actions to help. But it certainly encourages me to roll up my sleeve and continue to do what I have been doing on my part.

Friday, 25 December 2009

Thinking for Our Future

James Cameron's latest film Avatar is simply stunning.

It is stunning because it is a perfect blend of an entertaining and inspirational plot with seamless computer simulations that the human eye can hardly distinguish from the reality. Though the plot is largely predictable with no surprise at all, the flawless computer graphics certainly make a breath-taking impact that makes the story more enjoyable than it should have been.

What impresses me most, however, is the plot that strongly encourages a serious reflection of the human world and its future. Where are we heading for? In what conditions do we want our children, and their children too, live?

Some may question why so many film works around the world in recent years have been themed on environmental protection. The answer should be more than obvious: Everyone on earth is now suffering from the evil deeds of our forefathers and ours of destroying our promised land. We are depriving of ourselves the food and water and many other necessities that keep us alive as human beings in the pursuit of economic gains that cannot even be sustainable. As we can see from the recent meeting at Copenhagen, so many people out there still believe economic benefits are much more important than taking serious actions to conserve and restore the ecological system. Everyone is trying to sidestep from their responsibility, citing reasons from the lack of resources to sheer cowardice. To me, Avatar is yet another timely reminder of our responsibility to protect the environment not only for ourselves, but our children and the generations to come.

The Na'vi people's great respect for life and nature moves me deeply. They are highly intelligent creatures and yet they are satisfied with a primitive way of living. Their god is feminine and so is the top priest of the tribe, who is also the wife of the chieftain. All these episodes remind me of the Daoist description of the world's origin as the Womb of Mystery and its preaching of "following the Law of Nature" without going for the extremes.

The Na'vi people also have a tail that enables them to communicate with their god, ancestors and even wild animals. Colourful but ferocious birds can be tamed and then serve as loyal servants and warriors. Not sure if I see it correctly, the Na'vi tail seems to be a sad reference to human beings who have lost their tail long before the modern times. The tail is an extension of the spine that connects to the brain, which obviously controls our actions and holds our thoughts. Perhaps this disconnection from the nature is one of the reasons why human beings have become so arrogant, forgetting where we come from and our responsibility to take good care of the land we were given.

The Copenhagen Climate Change Conference was certainly regrettable because the member states have failed to agree on this important issue. I wonder how many more reminders we need before any meaningful results can be achieved to save our land.

This is our land. We simply can't take whatever we want.

Tuesday, 22 December 2009

三晉遊記之七--常家莊

余秋雨說「抱愧山西」,是因為誤以為山西是窮鄉僻壤,相信不少香港人也有這樣的誤解。其實清朝時,山西曾是全國最富裕的省份,晉商從事的不只是匯通天下的票號業務,還有不少進出口貿易。清末朝廷入不敷支,據說也曾向晉商借款應急。當時晉商財力之雄厚,可見一斑。

不過,再顯赫、再輝煌的時代總會過去,晉商也不例外。據說就是因為他們與清廷的關係太密切,不但在辛亥革命之後無法收回資金,造成周轉不靈,而且也失去了政府的支持,無法與西方現代銀行制度抗衡。加上民國初年政局不穩,經濟凋弊,盛極一時的晉商終於也逃不過被淘汰的命運,成為中國經濟史的一頁傳奇。

近年內地有不少取材自晉商的電視劇和書籍,探討晉商的成功之道,很多香港商人也有興趣。只是不知他們有沒有注意到晉商沒落的原因?如果晉商的盛衰真的與政權的興亡掛鉤,就如《紅樓夢》說的「一損皆損,一榮皆榮」,那些倚仗偏袒政策,或者以雄厚資本向政府討價還價、爭取有利條件的商賈,能否從中汲取甚麼教訓?

山西現存多座晉商遺下的宅第,讓後人瞻仰和憑弔。這次到山西旅行,參觀了座落榆次近郊的常家莊園。據稱常家莊園本來佔地約六十萬平方米,建屋四千餘間,最鼎盛的時候曾有一千多人同時住在莊園裡。但是滄海桑田,舊日的莊園現在大都變成了尋常百姓家,無復舊觀。目前修復開放的部分,只佔原有面積約五分之一。可是即使如此,莊園之壯麗恢宏,仍教人瞠目結舌,印象難忘。

我本來就對晉商的財雄勢大沒甚麼認識,所以看到常家莊園的入口時,不禁大吃一驚。莊園座落一望無際的平原上,直通正門的林蔭大道長約兩三公里,兩旁種滿了參天大樹,不禁暗忖道路盡頭的常家,以前到底是怎樣的豪門大戶。走近正門,才知道原來莊園是一座巍峨聳立的城池,門前挖有數米深的護城河,正門的城樓高達數十米,氣勢磅礴,看上去建築規格比北京故宮毫不遜色,只是紅牆黃瓦換成了灰磚青瓦而已。

可惜最煞風景的就是城樓上懸著一條紅色的廣告橫幅,以斗大的黃字寫著「發彩信,送大獎!中國移動手機攝影節走進常家莊園」,後面還有一個參加比賽的手機號碼。為了賺錢而不理手法是否合法、恰當、會否破壞景觀和美感,恐怕是當代中國其中一項令人不敢恭維的「國情」。

走進城門,放眼望去,就是一條南北縱向、以青石板鋪成的大街,大街東側第一幢建築物就是常家的祠堂。祠堂後面有小路通往草木幽深的花園,甬道蜿蜒、迴廊相接,小橋流水、亭臺樓閣錯落有致,果然頗有江南風韻。但園子面積甚大,與蘇州園林的小巧精致不可同日而語,自有其開闊昂揚的意境。莊園裡的園子一個接著一個,彷彿走進了《紅樓夢》的大觀園一般,令人目不暇給,忘其所至。其中「獅子園」擺放了一百多個造型各異的石獅子像,還有一爿獅子浮雕的青磚照壁。雖然部分已遭風雨侵蝕和人為破壞,但仍見雕工精巧,甚是難得。另有一個「杏園」,看上去像農圃一般,園中種了一株偌大的杏樹,樹下有一個孔子的銅像。據說那是為了紀念孔子在杏壇授徒講學,所以取名「杏園」;但寫著「杏園」的圓石背面,又刻有《老子》的經文:「知者不言,言者不知。」大概是為了告誡常氏子孫努力攻書、謹言慎行而設。

匆匆參觀過常家莊園的主要建築,離開時穿過那條南北縱向的青石板街,原來東側是數十間相連的房子,每間房屋門前的簷頂都掛有皇帝御賜的匾額,不是「進士」就是「大夫」、「都尉」等銜頭,果然家勢顯赫。看上去最早的就是清聖祖康熙年間的遺物,距今已有三百年歷史。門旁又豎有一根約拳頭般粗大的石柱,是以前用來繫著馬匹繮繩的。石柱上雕有一隻猴子,據說是取「馬上封侯」的好采頭,甚是有趣。快要走到大街南方盡頭的時候,常氏宗祠北側有一座簡樸的藏書樓,面積雖然不及寧波的天一閣,但也相當寬敞,可見常氏十分重視族中子弟的教育。

明清時代的晉商,看來很注重培養子弟成才,但讓他們唸書的目的,並非為了考取功名、光宗耀祖,而是為了繼承家業、大展鴻圖。雖然傳統儒家揶揄商人是重利輕義的小人,但晉商似乎非常認同聖賢之道,認為那是做人處世的金科玉律,而且也可以幫助他們在商場上運籌帷幄。即使沒有功名,也喜歡以書香門第自居,發財之餘也不忘立品。也許這就是所謂「儒商」情理兼備、義利並重的濫觴。可惜時至今日,在「金錢至上」、「有奶就是娘」的觀念荼毒之下,「讀書無用」的言論無日無之,即使是讀書,也不是為了提升個人修養的人本教育,而是為了日後謀取高薪厚職的「職業培訓」而已。對於晉商那份對道德教育的執著和虔敬,後人汲汲於晉商如何成就富可敵國的雄圖霸業之際,可曾願意考究他們成功之道的真正底蘊?

Tuesday, 8 December 2009

크리스마스에 홍콩에서 여행하는 좋은 곳을 소개

크리스마스에 홍콩에서 여행하는 제일 좋은 곳은 침사추이(Tsim Sha Tsui)입니다.

왜냐하면 좋은 관광지가 많기 때문입니다. 그리고 많이 좋은 식당에서 여러 나라 음식을 먹을 수 있어서 침사추이에 갈 만합니다.

침사추이에 사람들이 많이 가고 크리스마스를 경축합니다. 가장 좋은 이벤트가 밤에 있지만 오늘은 재미있는 낮 시간의 관광 프로그램을 소개하겠습니다.

크리스마스이브 아침을 호텔에 먹지 않고 네이든 로드(Nathan Road)에서 광동 전통 식당에서 먹읍시다. 딤섬은 중국 광동성에서 홍콩으로 전해온 음식입니다. 그리고 홍콩 가장 유명한 음식입니다. 딤섬은 많은 종류가 있는데 가벼운 음식입니다. 차와 함께 먹으면 아주 맛있습니다.

아침을 먹는 후에 네이든 로드로 쇼핑하고 갑시다. 네이든 로드에서 박크 래느(Park Lane)와 미라마 쇼핑센터(Miramar Shopping Centre)있는 거리입니다. 그 곳은 여러 트렌디 가게들이 많이 있어서 오랫동안 쇼핑할 수 있습니다.

집에 음식을 너무 그리워합니까? 괜찮습니다. 킴바리 스트리트(Kimberley Street)가서 점심을 먹읍시다. 그 곳 근처 한국 사람들이 많이 살고 있어서 한국 식당도 한국 식품 가게도 많이 있습니다. 그래서 킴바리 스트리트에서 정통 한국 음식을 찾을 수 있습니다.

점심을 먹는 후에 침사추이 동쪽(Tsim Sha Tsui East)에 갑시다. 그 곳은 홍콩 역사 박물관(Hong Kong Museum of History)과 홍콩 과학관(Hong Kong Science Museum)이 있습니다. 박물관에 가고 싶지 않으면 “홍콩 영화거리” (Avenue of Stars)에 갑시다. 홍콩 영화를 위해 노력하고 공헌하는 사람들을 기념하기 위해서 “홍콩 영화거리”를 세웠습니다. 홍콩 영화가 좋으면 “홍콩 영화거리” 에 가면 즐거울 겁니다. 그리고 “홍콩 영화거리”에서는 빅토리아 항구(Victoria Harbour)의 아름다운 경치도 보입니다.

많이 걸어서 피곤하면 괜찮습니다. “홍콩 영화거리”를 걷는 것을 끝내고 스타페리 광장 부근에 하버시티(Harbour City)에 저녁을 먹으면서 잘 쉽시다. 술을 마시는 것도 좋은 생각입니다.

밤 12시 곧 되면 제일 재미있는 것은 나옵니다. 많이 홍콩사람들과 외국 관광객들이 캔톤 로드(Canton Road)에서 크리스마스 거리 파티에 참석합니다. 파티에는 공연을 즐기고 크리스마스 카운트다운을 합니다. 아주 재미있고 벅적벅적합니다.

이번 크리스마스 이브에 침사추이에 같이 갑시다.